In the first days of his life, the puppy still cannot hear and see, but his sense of smell is already fully developed. In the first three weeks, breast milk will provide him with everything he needs for life. Starting from the third week, the senses of small dogs wake up. His eyes and ear canals open so he can communicate for the first time.
On about the 21st day, he will make his first attempts to walk and bark. In the fourth week, an important phase of development begins because the senses are fully developed so that he can carefully observe his surroundings. He sniffs everything in his environment. Small dogs are very curious and energetic. At this stage of life, his ability to learn is greatest.
Between the 8th and 12th week, the puppy is in the phase of socialization. The best time to separate from the mother is the 10th week. Experts call the development until the 16th week a "hierarchy phase" because the dog is looking for a "pack leader". When you raise a dog on time and with quality and proper socialization, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of many problems from which a large number of dogs suffer nowadays, and with them their owners.
Training is adapting the dog to life and cooperation with a man and accepting the owner as the leader of his new "pack".
The puberty phase is usually quite short and lasts between about a month and six weeks. It starts around the sixth month and can manifest in many different ways: the dog is often clumsy and rude and will not learn. The male outgrows puberty when he first raises his leg while urinating, and the female when she enters the forcing phase. It is not necessary to mate a female when she is forcing for the first time because her organs are not yet sufficiently developed.
During the maturation of the dog, the dog's diet is extremely important. It is especially important that the dog always has a sufficient amount of water, which is crucial in his daily diet. Otherwise, if the dog does not take enough water, a serious deterioration of health can occur, since water is responsible for a balanced body temperature as well as for the flow of most nutrients through the body.
During growth, and even later, proteins are responsible for tissue regeneration and strengthening immunity. They are found in meat, eggs, dairy products, cereals, etc.
Also, carbohydrates are suitable as an additional source of energy for the dog and they are found in many grain plants and other root vegetables. In addition to these two basic components, a dog's diet should also contain appropriate vitamins and minerals that are used to strengthen bones, as well as to improve vital processes within the body that are responsible for healthy immunity and proper functioning of the glands. People often think that a dog can digest any food, including the one they prepare for themselves. Such assumptions are the cause of many diseases in dogs, because they need a specific amount of certain substances in order to bring their body weight and readiness to an optimal state, and the typical human diet is extremely inadequate in that sense. Always consult your veterinarian who will give you the best advice.